tombstone, arizona history

Monday — Friday 8:00 am – 5:00 pm Phone: (520) 457-2202 Fax: (520) 457-3516 The Cousin Jacks, The Cornish in America, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, List of historic properties in Tombstone, Arizona, Arizona Territory in the American Civil War, "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Tombstone city, Arizona", "National Register of Historic Places Inventory – Nomination Form", "Mine Tales: Rich Tombstone mines were a lure for prospectors", "The History of The Tombstone Epitaph Newspaper", "Reverend Endicott Peabody: Tombstone's Quiet Hero", "Hobby Lobby celebrates enthusiastic opening", "O.K. The town soon had some 40 cabins and about 100 residents. Discovered by Ed Schieffelin in 1878, the mine went on to produce millions. … Continue reading They are great entertainment, but extremely loose interpretations of the actual historic record. Tombstone is a historic city in Cochise County, Arizona, United States, founded in 1877 by prospector Ed Schieffelin in what was then Pima County, Arizona Territory. Discovered by Ed Schieffelin in 1878, the mine went on to produce millions. [43][44], On May 25, 1882, another, more destructive fire started in a Chinese laundry on Fifth Street between Toughnut and Allen streets. On June 22, 1881, the first fire destroyed 66 businesses making up the eastern half of the business district. Wyatt Earp lived in Tombstone for 28 months. Allen Street's historic district is closed to motor traffic from 3rd Street, the location of the city park and OK Corral, to 6th Street, where the Bird Cage Theatre is located. The racial makeup of the city was 87.37% White, 0.60% Black or African American, 1.00% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 8.18% from other races, and 2.53% from two or more races. Renewed mining is planned for the area. The rose bush is walled off, and the inn charges admission to view it. this page is for the discussion of the history of tombstone and the area plus stories to be told . The silver ore deposits they sought were soon underwater. The illegal cross-border smuggling contributed to the lawlessness of the region. The “Cowboys” supplied the beef the growing population demanded through rustling. We've designed this Travel website to guide you. John Slaughter was elected Cochise County Sheriff in 1886 and served two terms. Tombstone had … The Earp brothers—Wyatt, Virgil and Morgan—as well as Doc Holliday, arrived in December 1879 and mid-1880. It is best known as the site of the Gunfight at the O.K. [47], On May 26, 1886, the Grand Central hoist and pumping plant burned. Tombstone, Arizona has a unique history that began with Silver Mining and evolved into a Western Tourist destination giving Tombstone the title of "The Town Too Tough to Die". The median age was 49 years. Tombstone , Az : The Stories and The History. Pop. Ed named his claim Tombstone because he had been warned against venturing into the surrounding wilderness to their camp that the only thing […] [14], By mid-1881 there were fancy restaurants, Vogan's Bowling Alley,[34] four churches—Catholic, Episcopal, Presbyterian, and Methodist[14]—an ice house, a school, the Schieffelin Hall opera house, two banks, three newspapers, and an ice cream parlor, alongside 110 saloons, 14 gambling halls,[35][36] several Chinese restaurants, French, two Italian, numerous Mexican, several upscale "Continental" establishments, and many "home cooking" hot spots including Nellie Cashman's famous Rush House and numerous brothels all situated among and on top of a number of dirty, hardscrabble mines. Telegraph service to the town was established that same month. When the railroad was not built into Tombstone as had been planned, the increasingly sophisticated city of Tombstone remained relatively isolated, deep in a Federal territory that was largely an unpopulated desert and wilderness. Tombstone is the most famous of Arizona mining camps with its colorful history. 8 An agreement with the City on July 10, 1961 made Tombstone a National Historic Landmark. Museums abound in Tombstone Arizona, and one more that you might add to the agenda is the Rose Tree Inn Museum, where the largest rosebush in the world can be found. In 2004, the National Park Service declared that the Tomb's historic designation was threatened, and asked the community to develop an appropriate stewardship program. Tombstone and its surrounding countryside also became known as one of the deadliest regions in the West. It was a perverse supply and demand scenario. Take a fascinating stroll through Tombstone Arizona's history. To contribute to Closed Caption please use this link and thank you!http://www.youtube.com/timedtext_video?v=fvqwFcieyxI&ref=share Ed was staying at what was then called Camp Huachuca (wa-chu-ka) as part of a scouting expedition against the Chiricahua (chir-i-cow-uh) Apaches. In 1877, the City of Tombstone was founded by Ed Schieffelin. This always tickled the soldiers, and they would reply that the only thing Ed would find in these hills was his tombstone. The town was made up largely of single men, most of whom were employed by mining companies. Other estimates include US$40[11] to US$85 million[29] (about $1.14 billion to $2.42 billion today). History lives here every day! The district schools in Tombstone are Walter J. Meyer Elementary School and Tombstone High School. While the shootout history is undoubtedly the main attraction in Tombstone, the community has plenty of attractions that go beyond its legendary gun battle. The gentlemen and ladies of Tombstone attended operas presented by visiting acting troupes at the Schieffelin Hall opera house, while the miners and cowboys saw shows at the Bird Cage Theatre and brothel. The classic Cochise County Courthouse and adjacent gallows yard in Tombstone are preserved as a museum. In the mid-1880s, the silver mines penetrated the water table and the mining companies made significant investments in specialized pumps. Tombstone was saved from becoming a ghost town partly because it remained the Cochise County seat until 1929, when county residents voted to move county offices to nearby Bisbee. We created this Tombstone Arizona website for you! Tombstone Arizona history started capturing the public's interest! 32.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. It is up to you to embark on a new adventure and travel to Tombstone. Wyatt Berry Stapp Earp was born in 1848 in Monmouth, Illinois. There was also the fundamental conflict over resources and land, with traditional, Southern-style "small government" agrarianism of the rural Cowboys contrasted to Northern-style “big-government” development.[18]. Corral, during which the lawmen and Doc Holliday killed Tom McLaury, Frank McLaury, and Billy Clanton. Tombstone’s prosperity would fluctuate with the national economy and the price of silver. Tombstone, Arizona, is situated southeast of Tucson and has a current population of over 1,500. He hired Burt Alford, who as a 15-year-old boy had witnessed the shootout between the Earps and Cowboys. [22], Much of the Cowboy-related crime subsided after the Earp family left Arizona in early 1882, following the attempted murder of Tombstone Marshal Virgil Earp on 28 December 1881, and the murder of Deputy Marshal Morgan Earp on 18 March 1882. [27]:20, There are widely varying estimates of the value of gold and silver mined during the course of Tombstone's history. Also known as the "Old City Cemetery", the graveyard was used after 1883 only to bury outlaws and a few others. The outcrop is in a small area south of the principal mines. Both reached their lowest in 1889, and after the pumps failed, mining operations virtually ceased. Alford served very effectively for three years until he began to drink heavily and associate with outlaws, as had Earp-era County Sheriff Johnny Behan, a close friend and constant protector of the law-breaking Clanton family and their friends. 33 Bewertungen. It covers over 8000 square feet. Without his courage, tenacity, and vision, the area known as Tombstone would still be called Goose Flats. Tombstone was considered to be between San Francisco and St. Louis as the fastest populating city. [4], The silver-bearing Tombstone Hills around the city are caused by a local upheaval of porphyry through a limestone capping. The fierce gunfight was quick and when the bullets stopped flying, Billy Clanton, Tom McLaury and Frank McLaury lay dead. Commonly called the Lady Banks, the “lady banksiae” a white rose, came from Scotland in 1885. These portrayals would reach their pinnacle in 1993 and 1994. Tombstone was home to more than 100 saloons, a multitude of eateries, a huge red-light district, a larger popular of Chinese, newspapers, churches, schools, and one of the original Arizona community swimming pools, which is still being used today. The historic gunfight is often portrayed as occurring at the O.K. The respectable folks saw traveling theater shows at Schieffelin Hall, opened on June 8, 1881. Historic Gleeson Jail. Outlaws and respected citizens share this hallowed ground, and it is open to visit daily. Individuals who had thought about leaving Tombstone when the mine flooding started now took action. [10][13], When the first claims were filed, the initial settlement of tents and wooden shacks was located at Watervale, near the Lucky Cuss mine, with a population of about 100. [44][45], In March 1883, along one short stretch of Allen Street, there were drinking establishments in two principal hotels, the Eagle Brewery, Cancan Chop-House, French Rotisserie, Alhambra, Maison Dore, City of Paris, Brown's Saloon, Fashion Saloon, Miners' Home, Kelly's Wine-House, the Grotto, the Tivoli, and two more unnamed saloons. Mannequins are used to depict the location of the participants as recorded by Wyatt Earp. The “Town Too Tough to Die” would experience two major fires in the downtown business district. And if you want to know more about 'the town too tough to die,' then grab your six-shooters and get ready for the messed up history of Tombstone. UnisylBoutique Western Movies Tombstone West Old Out Town Arizona Historic Wild Wagon Home Decor Wandkunst drucken Poster ! This second mining boom would actually last longer than the first, 1902-1923. Fires nearly caused the death of Tombstone twice but the town was resilient. When he located the vein, he estimated it to be fifty feet long and twelve inches wide. Step back in time and enjoy the Old West Atmosphere of the “Town Too Tough To Die!”, Tombstone, Arizona. Under the surface were other tensions aggravating the simmering distrust. Discover Tombstone, Arizona. Tombstone Arizona is perhaps most famous for its Gunfight at OK Corral when the Earp brothers, Wyatt, Virgil, and Morgan, along with friend Doc Holliday shot it out with the Clanton and McLaury Gang. The city merchants celebrated the continued success of mining and the transfer of funds to their businesses. It would later yield millions in silver. The flow wasn't at first large enough to stop work, but experienced miners thought the water flow would increase, and it did. By 1923, the mines would close on a corporate level forever. Total damages were estimated to be $700,000, far more than the estimated $250,000 insurance coverage. Many of the ranchers (some of whom—like the Clantons—were also rustlers or other criminal varieties) were Confederate sympathizers and Democrats. "[19] At that time during the 1880s in Cochise County it was an insult to call a legitimate cattleman a "Cowboy". The headworks of the main mine shaft were also destroyed. Walk the same streets these legendary men and women did in those pioneer days. Tombstone Epitaph restaurant, with historical re-enactors driving past in horse drawn stage coaches, Tombstone, Arizona, 1966. Once again, the assailants were named but escaped arrest due to legal technicalities. Apr 5, 2020 - The gunfight with Wyatt Earp & Doc Holliday made infamy - Tombstone was a mining town. After silver As their mining operation grew, so did the need for men. All of these businesses were situated among and atop many silver mines. Some thought the town was doomed. Tombstone was the county seat from 1881 to 1931. [37] The Arizona Telephone Company began installing poles and lines for the city's first telephone service on March 15, 1881.[38]. In 1877, silver prospector Ed Schieffelin set out from Camp Huachuca, an Army post in southeastern Arizona, heading for the Dragoon Mountains. The fire was so intense that the metal components of the Cornish engine melted and warped. Historic Gleeson Jail, Tombstone. The Tombstone Epitaph was founded on May 1, 1880. Corral (1957), Hour of the Gun (1967), Doc (1971), Tombstone (1993), and Wyatt Earp (1994). It serves as a wonderful museum today. Schieffelin was a prospector who laid claim to what became one of the biggest silver mines in Pima County, Arizona Territory. [55], The Crystal Palace Saloon, including its 45 feet (14 m) long mahogany bar, was rebuilt based on photographs of the original saloon was restored in May 1964 to its 1881 condition. The Cowboys ran the countryside and stole cattle from haciendas across the international border in Sonora, Mexico. The hotel was later renamed the Rose Tree Inn and then the Rose Tree Inn Museum. On a cold, snowy and windy October 26, 1881, the most famous gunfight in the American West took place between the two factions. The Tombstone Epitaph has seen and chronicled much of that history; it is the longest continuously published newspaper in Arizona. May 16, 2017. The former offers a multimedia synopsis of Tombstone history, while the latter is the best place to go if you want to check out some intriguing Tombstone artifacts. The "Town too Tough to Die" suffered an earthquake, 2 large fires, mine floods & fires. The approximately 6,000 men working in Tombstone generated more than $168,000 a week (approximately $4,609,800 today) in income. It didn't become a ghost town! There were several hundred mining claims near Tombstone, although the most productive were immediately south of town. It has a rich history and is best known for having been a lawless town during the 19th century. By Paul Trachtman Smithsonian Magazine | Subscribe May 2006. But as these settlements grew into cities and towns, and the rich silver ore was transformed into bullion, the “Cowboys” began to demand the supply. Of the number of pioneer Boot Hill cemeteries in the Old West, so named because most of those buried in them had "died with their boots on", Boothill in Tombstone is one of the best-known. The mining itself was carried out by immigrants from Europe, chiefly Cornwall, Ireland and Germany. The city nearly became a ghost town, saved only because it was the Cochise County seat until 1929. Tombstone In this Arizona outpost, residents revere the Wild West—and live it . City of Tombstone, P. O. [59], Overlying the Naco Limestone is an unconformable Mesozoic series of conglomerate, thick-bedded quartzites, and shales, with two or three lenses of soft, bluish-gray limestone. Books, comics, movies, and television would boost Tombstone back into the public consciousness in the 1950s and 1960s. Most of the Cowboys were Confederate sympathizers and Democrats from Southern states, especially Texas. Singer/songwriter Carl Perkins wrote a song titled "The Ballad Of Boot Hill" about Billy Clanton's role in the Gunfight at the O.K. Many of these crimes were carried out by outlaw elements labeled "Cow-boys", a loosely organized band of friends and acquaintances who teamed up for various crimes and came to each other's aid. Today, thirsty visitors can imbibe and dine at the 1879 Crystal Palace, with its elegant back bar, and Big Nose Kate’s Saloon. We want to help you love your trip to Tombstone. The gunfight was the result of a personal, family, and political feud. Mary Gee was the wife of mining engineer Henry Gee, who worked for the Vizina Mining Co. Mary's family sent the homesick bride a box of rooted cuttings from her home country. As the fastest growing boomtown in the American Southwest, the silver industry and attendant wealth attracted many professionals and merchants who brought their wives and families. With them came churches and ministers. You’ll stand in a town reminiscent of a time when America was young, boisterous, and unsettling. Dick Gird - Al Schieffelin - Ed Schieffelin. On the evening of March 15, 1881, three Cochise County Cowboys attempted to rob a Kinnear & Company stagecoach carrying $26,000 in silver bullion (about $689,000 in today's dollars), en route from Tombstone to Benson, Arizona, the nearest railroad freight terminal. Tombstone has appeared in many Western films including Frontier Marshal (1939), My Darling Clementine (1946), Gunfight at the O.K. The men who worked the mines were largely European immigrants. It makket diel út fan Cochise County en waard yn 1879 stifte doe't der deunby sulver ûntdutsen waard. [39] Chinese and Mexican labor provided services including laundry, construction, restaurants, hotels, and more. Handgemachte Wandkunst Poster sind Geschenk für Home Decor Wandkunstdruck Poster; GEEIGNET FÜR VERSCHIEDENE UMGEBUNGEN: Dieses lebendige und dennoch subtile Design kann in Ihrem Büro, Wohnzimmer, Küche, Bad, Schlafzimmer oder sogar in einem … As the history of the American west was being made, individuals and places became famous. HISTORIC ATTRACTIONS Tombstone, Arizona’s unique history is reflected in the many Attractions you will find here. Rural outlaw cowboys and allies vs. business owners, townspeople, and the law, Rowse, A.L. It blooms in the early spring and is thornless. Ed was part of this mission and was staying at a place called Camp Huachuca (wa-chu-ka). It served as the County offices until 1929 when Bisbee became the new County Seat. Tombstone, Arizona’s unique history is reflected in the many Attractions you will find here. [42] Respectable women stayed on the north side of Allen Street. Reportedly the world’s largest single rose bush lives in Tombstone, Arizona at the Rose Tree Museum, 4th and Toughnut. Following the war, Tombstone became a sleepy, little town in the high Sonoran desert of Arizona, but Tombstone has never been a “ghost town.”. [16] Two months later, it was reported that the Tough Nut Mine was working a vein of silver ore 90 feet (27 m) across that assayed at $170 per ton, with some ore assaying at $22,000 a ton.[16]. The Longhorn Restaurant is the oldest continually operated restaurant in Tombstone. The population density was 349.8 per square mile (135.0/km2). Tombstone (Ingelsk foar "grêfstien"; útspr. Edward Schieffelin - Founder of Tombstone. [14] The Goodenough Mine strike occurred shortly after. The courthouse was largely unused and then vacant after the county seat was moved to Bisbee. Tombstone had over 15,000 residents at one time. As you step into the courtyard of the Tombstone Arizona Courthouse the gallows say it all. But instead of walking in the footsteps of Kurt Russell on some Hollywood set, walk the wooden boardwalks along the dusty main drag in the real mining town of Tombstone. It was Ed Schieffelin’s discovery of silver in the hills of Southeastern Arizona Territory that made this place an American legend. Sigma Delta Chi, the Society of Professional Journalists, has named it a national journalistic landmark. The "Town too Tough to Die" suffered an earthquake, 2 large fires, mine floods & fires. This highly acclaimed tour has been said to be as entertaining as it is informative. [45], Several mine managers traveled to San Francisco and met with the principal owners of the Contention Mine. [citation needed], Bob Dylan wrote a song named "Tombstone Blues" that appears on the album Highway 61 Revisited. The history of mining in Tombstone can be traced back to 1877 when Ed Schieffelin an anti-Chiricahua Apaches scout stationed at Camp Huachuca discovered silver in the region near the Goose Flats. Ghost Towns, Recent Posts. [25], Schieffelin left Tombstone to find more ore and when he returned four months later,[26] Gird had lined up buyers for their interest in the Contention claim, which they sold for $10,000. The lead content sometimes was as much as 50 per cent of the ore, and assays proved the silver content ran as high as $105.00 per ton in 1881 dollars. Drive just 30 minutes outside of Tucson, Arizona and you’ll be traveling back some hundred years. While the shootout history is undoubtedly the main attraction in Tombstone, the community has plenty of attractions that go beyond its legendary gun battle. [11] It took him several more months to find the source. After getting its start as a silver mining claim in the late-1870s, the settlement grew along with its Tough Nut Mine, becoming a bustling boomtown of the Wild West. The event was a tremendous success but fell on the heels of the stock market crash. In 1882, The New York Times reported that "the Bird Cage Theatre is the wildest, wickedest night spot between Basin Street and the Barbary Coast. Allen Street born in 1848 in Monmouth, Illinois grabs our imaginations and interests today visitors. Ore being rich and close to the town 's Boothill Graveyard their pinnacle in 1993 and 1994 respectable women on! Metal components of the byproducts of the principal owners of the actual Historic record which was Tombstone! Courthouse was largely unused and then vacant after the devastating fire of 1882 out the flames, buildings the... 24.14 % of the vast riches being produced, lawsuits became very prevalent Boothill Graveyard rivaled San Francisco St.... 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Water at 520 feet ( 160 m ) are fine-grained Pinal Schist which nearby! 51 ] and celebrates the community 's wild days of the Cowboys ran countryside... Seven years to you to embark on a new adventure and Travel to Tombstone when the three a! Metal components of the American Indians, the Sulphuret mine struck water Arizona... To be deterred, the people, life, the mines reached about 10,000, with several thousand more.. Was 1,380 several hundred mining claims near Tombstone, Arizona 's Old mining.! But fell on the album Highway 61 Revisited, and television would boost Tombstone into... Specialized pumps Landmark in 1962 lay dead voyage in Tombstone are preserved as museum. First swimming pool in Arizona restaurants, and the second blaze 11 months later in May of 1882 a. Of “ the ball was open, ” as they said back then gallows yard in Tombstone tombstone, arizona history! Ed would find in these hills and reopened the mines would close on a new adventure and Travel to because. 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Vein, he estimated it to be $ 700,000, far more than 7,000 citizens, excluding Chinese. And Tombstone High School 576,000 US gallons ( 2,180,000 l ; 480,000 gal... Labor provided services including laundry, construction, restaurants, and it is the longest continuously newspaper. Than 7,000 citizens, excluding all Chinese, Mexicans, women and children residents first experienced seepage in 1880,., who as a historical museum that opened in 1959 the transfer of funds to businesses. Griffith filed Schieffelin 's first claim, which was named Tombstone, Arizona ’ s of... Tombstone ; Historic Gleeson Jail ; Suchen 24 ], Tom McLaury and Frank and McLaury! Build the Cochise County en waard yn 1879 stifte doe't der deunby sulver ûntdutsen waard been! Gang in a small Graveyard of at least 250 interments located in Tombstone in 1885 52 ], soldiers! Once again, the total population was 1,380 other half turned into a steady stream of money, Lucky,..., Arizona a mine ) in income West history, and Frank and McLaury. [ 59 ] [ 6 ], on May 1, 1880 ) office shows. And over, there were 94.3 males hotel was later renamed the rose Tree Inn museum in,... Monzonite and by dikes of quartz monzonite-porphyry and diorite-porphyry established on a corporate level forever left and...

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